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Basic Types of Roofs: Part 1 | All Weather Tite Roofing

Types of Roofs - GableThere are many different types of roofs and styles. The climate and environment where you’re building, the availability of different types of building materials and the overall style of the home will all affect the resulting shape of its roof. For example, the pitch of a roof will be proportional to the amount of snow or rainfall it’s likely to see. So many homes in the same area will have similar roof styles. Also, some roof types will be a better match for certain style homes. It is important to keep these factors in mind when constructing a new roof for your home.

A well planned roof shape plays an important role in maintaining the structural integrity of your home, and contributes to a home’s livability, energy efficiency and resale value. Here are some of the basic types of roofs to consider and what homes they are best suited for, according to Home Improvement Helper.

The Flat Roof

This is one of the easiest types of roof to identify because it is very common and is flat across with little to no pitch, as the name implies.

  • Pros: Flat roofs are easier and cheaper to construct than other roof types, safer to stand on, and they are generally more accessible for maintenance and repairs.
  • Cons: The main drawback to this type of roof is that it does require more maintenance than other types, largely because the lack of slope can tend to accumulate debris. Generally, flat roofs require re-roofing more often than other roofs, with many materials only lasting 10-20 years versus 25-50 years for many pitched roof materials.
  • Suited for: This type of roof looks great on modern or minimalistic style homes, in areas with dry climates.
  • Not suited for: Flat roofs are not a good choice if you live in an area that gets a lot of snow or rain.

The Skillion Roof

This type of roof has one single flat surface, similar to the flat roof. A skillion roof is different from a standard flat roof because it has a steeper and more noticeable pitch.

  • Pros: Skillion roofs are cheap, easy, and fast to construct. They also don’t suffer from the drainage problems encountered by less steeply pitched roofs. This style can be used as a roof extension or as the roof for the entire home making it a strong design element in modern homes.
  • Cons: Skillion roof designs can result in ceiling height being too low if pitch is too steep. Also, this type of roof is mainly considered for sheds or additions not many people think of it as a roof type for the entire home.
  • Suited for: Skillion roofs offer an industrial and minimalistic style to a home and look great on modern style homes. They are also great in areas with heavy snow or rainfall.
  • Not suited for: Skillion roofs do not work well in high wind or hurricane areas and can be too strong of a modern design element for some.

The Gable Roof

This is one of the most popular choices when deciding a style of roof for your home. The gable roof is the simple triangle roof that you probably picture when thinking about a roof. It has two roof surfaces of the same size, that are pitched at the same angle back to back, making a ridge at the top and forming a triangular roof. There are also a few variations to this roof type, such as the side gable roof, the front gable roof, and the cross gabled roof.

  • Pros: Its simple design makes it cheap and easy to build. It effectively sheds water, allows for good ventilation, and typically provides the most ceiling space.
  • Cons: It is the most likely of roof types to suffer wing damage, usually with the end wall collapsing due to it not being properly braced. Gabel roofs need to have proper bracing that depends on the severity of wind in your area.
  • Suited for: Gabel roofs look great on classic or colonial style homes and work well in areas with high precipitation because of the pitch of the roof.
  • Not suited for: This type of roof does not work well in areas that are susceptible to severe winds.

For project examples and more detailed information about different roofing shapes and styles and determining which ones might best suit your needs, homeowners should contact the roofing professionals at All Weather Tite, we would love to help you with your roofing project!